Sunday, December 8, 2019
Jan or Johannes Vermeer new wave Delft, b. October 1632, d. December 1675, a Dutch genre painter who lived and worked in Delft, created some of the most keen pictures in Western art. His plants are rare. Of the 35 or 36 pictures by and large attributed to him, most portray figures in insides. All his plants are admired for the sensitiveness with which he rendered effects of visible radiation and colour and for the poetic quality of his images. Small is known for certain about Vermeer s life and calling. He was born in 1632, the boy of a silk worker with a gustatory sensation for purchasing and selling art. Vermeer himself was besides active in the art trade. He lived and worked in Delft all his life. Not much is known about Vermeer s apprenticeship as an creative person either. His instructor may hold been Leonaert Bramer, a Delft creative person who was a informant at Vermeer s matrimony in 1653, or the painter Carel Fabritius of Delft. We will write a custom essay sample on Vermeer, Jan or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page In 1653 he enrolled at the local creative persons guild. His earliest signed and dated picture, The Procuress ( 1656 ; Gemaldegalerie Alte Meister, Dresden ) , is thematically related to a Dirck new wave Baburen picture that Vermeer owned and that appears in the background of two of his ain pictures. Another possible influence was that of Hendrick Terbrugghen, whose manner anticipated the light colour keies of Vermeer s later works. The Kitchen Maid During the late 1650s, Vermeer, along with his co-worker Pieter de Hooch, began to put a new accent on picturing figures within carefully composed interior infinites. Other Dutch painters, including Gerard Ter Borch and Gabriel Metsu, painted similar scenes, but they were less concerned with the articulation of the infinite than with the description of the figures and their actions. In early pictures such as The Milkmaid ( c.1658 ; Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam ) , Vermeer struck a delicate balance between the compositional and figurative elements, and he achieved extremely sensuous surface effects by using pigment thickly and patterning his signifiers with house shots. Subsequently he turned to thinner combinations of glazes to obtain the subtler and more crystalline surfaces displayed in pictures such as Woman with a Water Jug ( c.1664/5 ; Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City ) . Position of Delft A acute sensitiveness to the ef fects of visible radiation and colour and an involvement in specifying precise spacial relationships likely encouraged Vermeer to experiment with the camera obscura, an optical device that could project the image of sunstruck objects placed before it with extraordinary pragmatism. Although he may hold sought to picture the camera s effects in his Position of Delft ( c.1660 ; Mauritshuis, The Hague ) , it is improbable that Vermeer would hold traced such an image, as some observers have charged. Moralizing mentions occur in several of Vermeer s plants, although they tend to be obscured by the pictures vivacious pragmatism and their general deficiency of narrative elements. In his Love Letter ( c.1670 ; Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam ) , a late picture in which the spatial environment becomes more complex and the figures appear more doll-like than in his earlier plants, he includes on the dorsum wall a picture of a boat at sea. Because this image was based on a modern-day emblem warning of th e hazards of love, it was clearly intended to add significance to the figures in the room. The Guitar Player c. 1672 ; Oil on canvas, 53 ten 46.3 centimeter ; Kenwood, English Heritage After his decease Vermeer was overlooked by all but the most discriminating aggregators and art historiographers for more than 200 old ages. His few images were attributed to other creative persons. Merely after 1866, when the Gallic critic W. Thore-Burger rediscovered him, did Vermeer s works become widely known and his plants heralded as echt Jan vermeers. Intimate scenes Barely 35 plants are known to hold been painted by Vermeer. His early pictures chiefly history pieces uncover the influence of the Utrecht Caravaggists. In his later plants, nevertheless, he produced meticulously constructed insides with merely one or two figures normally adult females. These are intimate genre pictures in which the principal figure is constantly engaged in some mundane activity: one is reading a missive, another is fixing a neckband about her cervix, yet another is pouring out milk. Often the light enters Vermeer s pictures from a window. He was a maestro at picturing the manner light illuminates objects and in the rendition of stuffs. The Rijksmuseum has three domestic portrayals by Vermeer and one street scene: the world-famous Little Street.
Sunday, December 1, 2019
Wicca Religion The many mysteries and complexities of the religion of Wicca originate from the Celts, the druids of Britain and the mysteries of the Cauldron of Cerridwen of Cerridwen and teachings of the transformation hidden in the story of Taliesin. The oldest know European Wiccan practices actually originate form the ancient regions in and around Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece and Italy. In most any case this culture predates the Celtic tradition by at least a thousand years. In the Celtic lands the druids taught what they called " Mystery tradition", which was a blend of indigenous belief and foreign influences. Many people today believe that the druid cult was the surviving remnant of an earlier Indo-European priesthood, where the practices originate, Old European is a region encompassing Italy and Greece and also reaching into Czechoslovakia, southern Poland and the western Ukraine. These places are considered to be where the foundation of the ancient Wiccan mysteries were created. The history of the believers in this religion when in the middle of the first century BC the Celts were caught between the expansion of the Roman Empire along the Rhine and Danube and the Germanic invaders form the south. By the end of the century the Celts had lost their command on the continent and were later held by the Romans who moved on to invade and Britain, eventually their culture was transformed by centuries of roman occupation and the Roman Catholic Church. The ancient pagan traditions were driven into an underground society where they survived within the old religion of Wicca. The history of the old religion goes back as far as the hunter-gathers emergence into an agricultural community. The root of Wicca as an religion date back as far as the Ice Age, when the human were painting and carving pictures on cave walls. When the hunter-gather, forest-dwelling humans began to emerge into an agriculture society they brought with them the "Ancient Deity" forms of the wilderness. The Stag-Horned God of the forest was transformed into the Goat-God of the pasture. The God of the forest then becomes the God of the harvest. The early ancestors of Wiccans' worshipped the great Goddess, who is personified as the mysteries of women. As the Great Goddess, she reflected the mysterious and powerful nature of women to bleed for days without growing weak and to give birth to another human being. Not only was this power a mystery to early men, it was also a mystery to women themselves. Out of the need to understand these abilities, the women isolated themselves from men and formed female societies. When the word "Wicca" first became known to the public, it was used to refer to the old pre-Christian European religion. The meaning today has changed to fit the view of the Neo-Pagan and New Age concepts. In reality Wicca is a nature religion concentrating on the energies that flowed over the earth. Legend tells us that great Gods who watched over their followers during the daily course of food gathering and preparation and delivered them safely from the fall of humankind. 1484, was the persecution stage of the witches which turned into an uncontrollable epidemic. In the first year 41 people were killed and burned in Como, Italy. In 1510, 140 witches were burned at Brescia and 300 more at Como, Italy 3 years later. At Valcanoia 70 people were burned and the inquisitor claimed to have another 5,000 under suspension Germany saw over 6,000 executions and northern figure about 50,000. In England, 1951, the last of the laws against witchcraft were repealed by parliament, soon after a revival of the cult arose in the Great British. During the 1950's and 60's Wicca grew and expanded parts of Europe and into the United States and Australia. Many Wiccan and Neo-Pagans magazines were established, there for creating a network for the Pagan community. Two of the earliest most successful periodicals were "Green Egg" and Circle Network News " which are still important publications today. "The Wiccan Pagan Press Alliance (WPPA)" now servers as a network and support system for writers and magazines in the Pagan community. The basic teachings of the old Wiccan ways are based on the ways of nature and humankind's understanding of spirituality as revealed in the sense of a healthy community. The philosophy teaches common courtesy and respect for others so that the essence of our spirituality can be discovered. All different forms of life are respected, and everything is of equal importance. The only difference is things are on different levels of evolution,
Tuesday, November 26, 2019
Short Summary of Moll Flanders Moll Flanders is the pseudonym of the heroine of this novel: since she is wanted by the law, she does not wish to reveal her true identity. She was born in Newgate Prison to a mother who was transported to Virginia shortly afterwards for theft, leaving her helpless. Around the age of three she ran away from some gypsies with whom she had apparently been living. A parish took her in and she was given to the care of a nurse, who brought her up to the age of eight. Then she was supposed to go into service, but didn't want to and was allowed to remain with her nurse instead, sewing and spinning. When her nurse died when she was 14 or so, she became a maid-servant in the household of the Mayor, and learned the same lessons as the daughters of the house. The older son of the house seduced her with compliments and money, and they were lovers. Then the younger one fell in love with her also, and wanted to marry her, not being aware of her relationship with his brother. The older one convinced the unwilling girl to marry the younger one, and she lived as his wife until his death a few years later. His parents took charge of the two children from the marriage. Moll then married a gentleman-draper, that is, a tradesman with fine manners. He was agreeable, but spent her money and soon went bankrupt. He broke out of jail and left the country, leaving Moll free to marry again, though perhaps not legally. After a period of time in which Moll helped a friend of hers to regain and humble a disdainful lover, she married a gentleman from Virginia, pretending to be richer than she was, though never saying so outright. He took the discovery of her poverty pretty well, and they went to Virginia. There she met his mother, a former transported convict, who unhappily turned out to be her mother as well. This discovery made Moll leave her brother/husband and children after several years of marriage: after some negotiation... Free Essays on Moll Flanders Free Essays on Moll Flanders Short Summary of Moll Flanders Moll Flanders is the pseudonym of the heroine of this novel: since she is wanted by the law, she does not wish to reveal her true identity. She was born in Newgate Prison to a mother who was transported to Virginia shortly afterwards for theft, leaving her helpless. Around the age of three she ran away from some gypsies with whom she had apparently been living. A parish took her in and she was given to the care of a nurse, who brought her up to the age of eight. Then she was supposed to go into service, but didn't want to and was allowed to remain with her nurse instead, sewing and spinning. When her nurse died when she was 14 or so, she became a maid-servant in the household of the Mayor, and learned the same lessons as the daughters of the house. The older son of the house seduced her with compliments and money, and they were lovers. Then the younger one fell in love with her also, and wanted to marry her, not being aware of her relationship with his brother. The older one convinced the unwilling girl to marry the younger one, and she lived as his wife until his death a few years later. His parents took charge of the two children from the marriage. Moll then married a gentleman-draper, that is, a tradesman with fine manners. He was agreeable, but spent her money and soon went bankrupt. He broke out of jail and left the country, leaving Moll free to marry again, though perhaps not legally. After a period of time in which Moll helped a friend of hers to regain and humble a disdainful lover, she married a gentleman from Virginia, pretending to be richer than she was, though never saying so outright. He took the discovery of her poverty pretty well, and they went to Virginia. There she met his mother, a former transported convict, who unhappily turned out to be her mother as well. This discovery made Moll leave her brother/husband and children after several years of marriage: after some negotiation...
Friday, November 22, 2019
Qu preguntan en la entrevista de visa de novios (K-1) La entrevista para la visa de novios K-1 es un paso fundamental que en buena parte determina su aprobaciÃ ³n negaciÃ ³n de este tipo de visa. La entrevista tiene lugar en una embajada o consulado de los Estados Unidos y es un requisito obligatorio para el novio o la prometida de un ciudadano estadounidense para el que se pide la visa K-1. Solo despuÃ ©s podr ver estampado su pasaporte con la visa que le autoriza a ingresar a los Estados Unidos. Una vez en el paÃ s deber casarse con el ciudadano que le patrocinÃ ³ en el plazo mximo de 90 dÃ as e iniciar un proceso de ajuste de estatus, para asÃ completar la tramitaciÃ ³n de la tarjeta de residencia, tambiÃ ©n conocida como green card. Este artÃ culo contiene informaciÃ ³n sobre preguntas que generalmente los oficiales consulares realizan a los prometidos de ciudadanos. No tienen por quÃ © ser iguales, pero son de ese tipo y buscan lo mismo: asegurarse de que la relaciÃ ³n entre los novios es verdadera y no se trata de un fraude para ingresar asÃ a los Estados Unidos y obtener los papeles.Ã Asimismo, se aclaran los requisitos de entrevista para los niÃ ±os para los que se solicita una visa K-2. Ejemplos de preguntas para la visa de novios K-1 Los dos novios tiene que presentarse, el dÃ a y a la hora que se les cite, en el consulado al que corresponda tramitar este tipo de documentos en el lugar en el que vive el prometido o prometida extranjero. Entre las preguntas que puede es comÃ ºn que se realicen destacan: Preguntas sobre la relaciÃ ³n CÃ ³mo se conocieron, cundo y dÃ ³nde.Por quÃ © desean contraer matrimonio y que el novio/a extranjero/a se mude a Estados Unidos y cules son los planes una vez se encuentre allÃ .Si quieren tener hijos.QuÃ © aficiones, hobbies, tienen en comÃ ºn y que disfrutan de hacer conjuntamente.CÃ ³mo solucionan las peleas de novios.QuÃ © es lo que ms gusta del novio/aÃ ¿CÃ ³mo fue la proposiciÃ ³n de matrimonio?Ã ¿Hubo fiesta de compromiso o pedida formal de mano?Preguntas sobre el novio/a americano del tipo de cundo es su cumpleaÃ ±os, dÃ ³nde ha vivido, dÃ ³nde naciÃ ³, en quÃ © consiste su trabajo, etc.Ã ¿Se ha estado previamente en Estados Unidos? Si la respuesta es afirmativa, se puede preguntar por cunto tiempo y con quÃ © tipo de visa.Si los prometidos no comparten la misma religiÃ ³n, es posible que se pregunte sobre cÃ ³mo se resolverÃ an las diferencias ocasionadas por las diferentes creencias.Preguntas sobre la familia del novio/a americano del tipo: Ã ¿cun tos hermanos tiene? Ã ¿DÃ ³nde viven sus padres?Si no se comunican fluidamente en el mismo idioma, esto tambiÃ ©n ser probablemente objeto de preguntas. Cundo fue la Ã ºltima vez que se vieron los novios en persona. Preguntas sobre los planes de boda Ã ¿Se ha reservado ya el lugar del banquete?Ã ¿Cundo se va a celebrar?Ã ¿QuiÃ ©nes son los invitados?Ã ¿Puedo ver alguna tarjeta de invitaciÃ ³n a la boda o alguna prueba de los planes que se estn haciendo para la celebraciÃ ³n del matrimonio? Y es que es muy importante insistir en que la boda tiene que celebrarse antes de que transcurran 90 dÃ as a contar desde el momento de ingreso a Estados Unidos con una visa K-1. Si no hay matrimonio con la persona que patrocinÃ ³ la visa, la persona extranjera tiene que salir de los Estados Unidos. Ninguna pregunta es particularmente extraÃ ±a. Siempre y cuando se trate de dos novios de verdad generalmente no hay mayores problemas para responder a las preguntas del oficial consular que conduce la entrevista. Reglas para la entrevista para los solicitantes de una visa K-2 Los K-2 son los hijos solteros menores de 21 aÃ ±os de una persona para la que se pide la K-1 de prometido.Ã No hay reglas fijas que regulen la entrevista. Y asÃ , depende de las normas internas de cada consulado decidir si se entrevista a los niÃ ±os o no. Por regla general puede decirse que los mayores son entrevistados y los ms pequeÃ ±os no. Si hay entrevista las preguntas ms comunes tratan de averiguar si el niÃ ±o conoce al ciudadano americano que se va a convertir en su madrastra o padrastro y cules fueron las circunstancias y preguntas semejantes. La visa K-2 se pide para hijos biolÃ ³gicos, adoptivos o hijastros de personas para las que se solicita la visa K-1. Pero es imprescindible que la persona que es la K-1 tenga custodia legal de esos niÃ ±os y, si la comparte, tenga el permiso del otro progenitor para sacar los niÃ ±os del paÃ s de su paÃ s de residencia y llevrselos a vivir a los Estados Unidos.Ã QuiÃ ©n toma la decisiÃ ³n de conceder o rechazar la visa K-1 y K-2 El oficial del consulado que tramita la visa tiene la palabra final sobre la aprobaciÃ ³n del mismo. Puede negarla por mÃ ºltiples razones. Por ejemplo, si cree que la relaciÃ ³n es fraudulenta y su Ã ºnico fin es obtener los papeles. Otra causa es que el ciudadano patrocinador no tiene ingresos suficientes para mantener a su novio. Y otra razÃ ³n puede ser que la persona para la que se piden los papeles sea inadmisible. Es decir, que no pueda obtener la tarjeta de residencia. QuiÃ ©n puede solicitar la visa de novios Recordar que esta visa, tambiÃ ©n conocida como de prometido, sÃ ³lo la pueden solicitar los ciudadanos americanos para sus parejas para que Ã ©stas puedan viajar a Estados Unidos con la finalidad de contraer matrimonio en los 90 dÃ as siguientes a su ingreso al paÃ s.Ã Es decir, los residentes permanentes legales no pueden pedir a sus novios, ya que las categorÃ as de personas para las que pueden pedir los papeles es mucho ms limitada que la que existe para los ciudadanos. Recordar que dentro del tÃ ©rmino ciudadanos de los Estados Unidos est incluida la categorÃ a de puertorriqueÃ ±os. Adems, resaltar que esta visa la pueden solicitar los estadounidenses para sus parejas de otro sexo, es decir, las heterosexuales, pero que tambiÃ ©n pueden pedirlas gays, lesbianas, bisexuales y transexuales para contraer matrimonio con una persona de su mismo sexo. Consejo y alternativas a la visa K-1 No hay porquÃ © estar nervioso ante la entrevista. Si la relaciÃ ³n es verdadera lo ms probable es que los novios sepan quÃ © contestar a cada una de las preguntas. En todo caso, puede ser aconsejable repasar conjuntamente las respuestas a las preguntas ms comunes. En cuanto a las alternativas a la K-1 la que se le ocurre a mayor nÃ ºmero de personas es la de ingresar a Estados Unidos con visa de turista y despuÃ ©s casarse. Esto no est prohibido pero puede dar lugar a muchos problemas migratorios si la intenciÃ ³n es quedarse en el paÃ s y arreglar los papeles. Por otro lado, si la pareja est ya casada legalmente, aunque el matrimonio se hubiera celebrado fuera de Estados Unidos, los ciudadanos siempre pueden realizar una peticiÃ ³n de residencia por matrimonio o, en casos ms excepcionales, solicitar una visa K-3 para su cÃ ³nyuge. Finalmente, tener en cuenta los problemas que pueden surgir si el ciudadano que quiere una green card su pareja no ha residido recientemente en los Estados Unidos.
Thursday, November 21, 2019
Strategic Management - Research Paper Example Strategic management plays a significant role in the growth and competitiveness of any organisation. British Airways in order to maintain its competitiveness in the existing contemporary global business environment requires identifying the need for strategic change. In order to successfully cope up with the changing global environment as well as consumer demand, an organisation like British Airways requires assessing their external environmental factors. In the process of undertaking organisational change, the support and constructive approach of the management plays a key part. Thus, in order to sustain its position in among the tough competitive global market BA requires performing and managing changes according to the need of the hour. Therefore, the study will look to evaluate need for strategic change for British Airways and the method by which the organisation should look to realign with respect to its external environment. ... pects which can be recognized for BA in the process of strategic change are the need for providing customer satisfaction which had seen a decline and also make substantial technological advancements which will enable them to attract as well as retain consumers. This overall strategic change can also aid BA to enhance overall experience of the customers. In the airline sector, the customer retention is one of the major aspects. With the advent of so many low-fare airlines along with the need for providing high level of safety and security, the people process strategy and technological advancements have become inseparable components for any airline organisation (Quy, 2011). The strategic management objectives for BA in the past market few years have been to become the Ã¢â¬ËworldÃ¢â¬â¢s leading global premium airlineÃ¢â¬â¢. In order to make their cost base more efficient and to provide unparallel customer service they need to constantly evaluate the present scenario and look for a ny possible opportunity (British Airways, 2010). Despite their endeavor and prospects of growth and sustainability BA require to be always on their toes due to the existing complexities in their operations. The airline industry globally as well as in the UK is highly competitive. By referring to Michael PorterÃ¢â¬â¢s five forces model it can be observed that the barriers to entry in the industry is quite high. Therefore, the existing players in the market have been able to sustain their position in the market. The other significant aspects that compel BA to undertake strategic change includes government regulations, availability of funding from the designated financial markets, terrorism, pandemics and others. The aspects related to mergers and acquisitions among the competitors can also force BA to
Tuesday, November 19, 2019
Detail the main power centres around the Mediterranean Sea through the ages and explain why they fell - Essay Example However, despite the notable developments from these powers, they finally fell following several reasons such as corruption, inequality and civil wars. Others did not last long because they had ineffective leaders who had little knowledge on governance hence a downturn to economic prosperity. There are different main power centers around the Mediterranean Sea through the ages and the underlying reasons why they fell. For instance, there were the Egyptians who had the first knowledge of architecture, building and a combination of painting and sculpture. The EgyptiansÃ¢â¬â¢ formulation of the techniques begun around 3000 B.C. This includes the establishment of a pyramid of the sovereign before the takeover of the throne. However, in painting, there was a different technique called monumental treatment that was accorded to designs using many colors (Fromkin 89). In the same breadth, there was also rapid development through stylistic conformities that have presently been characteristic of the art of the Egyptians through history. Another main power center around the Mediterranean Sea was the Phoenicians who had success as early as around 1200 B.C. It is during this period that their level of activity rose and there was also the proliferation of colonizers, explorers, and even remarkable traders. All these groups of ancient professionals created settlements in various parts of the Mediterranean Sea to the advantage of the locals in the area (Tames 145). Similarly, this group took credit for discovering the alphabet that later had the modification of the Greeks in terms of symbols use for sounds. Additionally, the discovery of the alphabet by the Phoenicians led to the replacement of hieroglyphics and cuneiforms hence propelling major advancement. The same period during the majestic reign of the Phoenicians is when there was colonization of areas such as Italy, Sicily, North Africa and Asia Minot by the Greeks. On the other hand, another formidable group to settle around the Mediterranean Sea entails the Hebrews who were a small nation in comparison to the rest. It is observed that after they had arrived to the Land of Promise meaning Canaan after nearly 4000 years, the Hebrews developed a flourishing state. This achievement was, however, notable in religion whereby the Bible turned to be a valuable mark especially to the Western civilization (Fromkin 90). Furthermore, because of their nomadic lifestyle, the Hebrews made a mark in the absorption of other the native civilizations for their advantage. This suggests that an older religion such as Judaism offered fundamental principles to the smaller faiths that included Islam and Christianity. Apart from the above powers, there was also the Island of Cyprus that excelled in excavation processes around 4000-3000 B.C. This group had their influence from the Greece in the ancient era after 1500 B.C. In other words, the Cypriot civilization learnt a lot from the Greeks in terms of cultures and other related religions (Tames 145). However, while the settlement of the Phoenicians around the Mediterranean was noted around the 800 B.C., and later followed by the Egyptians and Assyrians, the Island of Cyprus came late. Alternatively, this gave them a leverage to major in commerce and also become the focal point of the cult of Aphrodite. It is
Sunday, November 17, 2019
Industrial Revolution Essay Industrial Revolution is regarded as a very important period in human development which occurred in the period towards the end of the 18th century stretching to the 19th century. Industrial revolution is said to have begun in the United Kingdom and later spread to other parts of the world including the rest of Europe, North America amongst other parts of the world. During this period there were major transformations in the agricultural sector, transportation, and manufacturing among other spheres of life. These changes were to have profound impacts on the social, economic, and cultural life of the people in Britain which was the cradle of the revolution. This paper shall examine the central ways in which the Industrial Revolution changed the western societies. Impacts of the Industrial Revolution The inception of the Revolution is regarded as a crucial turning point in the history of mankind as it led to alterations in virtually every aspect of life. The Revolution started towards the end of the 18th century when there was mechanization of the textile industry, emergence of new iron making skills, and an increase in the utilization of polished coal. There were improvements in the transport network which facilitated exchange of goods and services. Generally, a growth in various industries was witnessed and manual labor was replaced by mechanization which led to increased production . The textile industry was among the first to feel the impacts of the industrial revolution. The invention of the cotton gin in 1794 brought efficiency in separating of cotton seeds from fiber. The discovery of the sewing machine in 1846 further revolutionized the textile industry as the making of clothes moved from homes to industries. Apart from the impacts of the industrialization on the domestic industries, the revolution led to increased productivity in the farms due to mechanization of agriculture. With increased productivity in the farms, industries cropped up and individuals clustered in particular regions working in the industries or engaged in trade. This eventually led to the development of towns and cities . Advancement in technology during this period led to the growth of capitalism as the owners of the means of production grew richer. There was an increase in the economic growth which was due to the new technologies of the industrial revolution as seen in the doubling of the UKÃ¢â¬â¢s purchasing power and a rise in the total national income during the 19th to 20th century . The revolution also brought about changes in the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s political structures in Britain as capitalists begun replacing the land owners of the agrarian period to become influential in the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s economic and power structure. There were also alterations in the working conditions as factories provided the workers with poor working conditions. These included poor ventilations, overcrowding, child labor was on the rise, and individuals were poorly paid and worked under dangerous and unsafe environments . The laborers were paid less wages that led to development of slums since they could hardly afford decent housing. The workers were generally working under extreme conditions which forced the government of the day to pass legislations that would govern the interests of the workers. The workers also initiated efforts that resulted in the creation of trade unions which agitated for their interests . The Industrial Revolution also led to developments in the transport and communication sector. Several inventions led to the efficiency in this sector as road networks were improved, water transport boosted through the invention of steam engines, and communication made easier especially with the discovery of telegraphic machines. Railway transport was also developed and this eased the transport of bulk goods, products, and raw materials to the industries . Conclusion There is no doubt that industrial revolution was a defining moment in human history. There were great advancements and innovations that were aimed at making life more efficient at the same time increasing production. Though the revolution came up with its challenges, it remains to be a crucial part of human history as it totally revolutionized the world into a new order.